Arne Jacobsen was born on 11 February 1902 in Copenhagen. He first hoped to become a painter, but Jacobsen was admitted to the Architecture School at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts from 1924 to 1927. He studied under Kay Fisker and Kaj Gottlob, both leading architects and designers.As early as 1925 the talented architect student was awarded an impressive silver medal for the Paris Chair, which was his very first piece of furniture at the world exhibition in Paris.
On that trip, he was struck by the pioneering aesthetic of Le Corbusier’s L’Esprit Nouveau pavilion. He also became acquainted with the rationalist architecture of Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius. Their work influenced his early designs including his graduation project, an art gallery, which won him a gold medal.
In 1929, only two years after his graduation from the Architecture School, the 27-year old Arne Jacobsen won the first prize for an ultramodernistic concept for “The House of the Future” at The Building and Housing Exhibition of the Academic Architects’ Association in Copenhagen. The house was built for the exhibition, and it established Arne Jacobsen as one of the most visionary and progressive Danish architects at the time. At the same time, the house was the first example of actual modernistic architecture in Denmark. It was a spiral-shaped, flat roofed house in glass and concrete, incorporating a private garage, a boathouse and a helicopter pad.
ARNE JACOBSEN BIOGRAPHY
1902 Born in Copenhagen.
1924 Enrols as an architecture student at the Royal Academy of the Arts in Copenhagen.
1925 Wins a silver medal for a the Paris Chair at the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs in Paris where he discovers Le Corbusier’s work.
1943 Begins two years of wartime exile in Sweden where he concentrates on textile and wallpaper design and a summer house for two doctors.
1945 Returns to Denmark in peacetime to spend several years working on housing and schools.
1955’s best-selling Series 7.
1956 Designs two upholstered chairs – the Egg and Swan – for the SAS Royal Hotel in Copenhagen as well as the stainless steel cutlery later chosen by Stanley Kubrick as a prop in 2001: A Space Odyssey.
1966 Jacobsen wins the competition to design the new National Bank of Denmark headquarters in Copenhagen. Construction continues after his death with the building opening in 1978.
1971 Arne Jacobsen dies in Copenhagen.